12/12/2017 |

How will the Russian Digital Economy

Digital economy

In the framework of the program “Digital Economy”, experts proposed to introduce face recognition technology, “underwater Internet of things” and the drones management system. Until 2020, inclusive, they will require more than 22 billion rubles.

Videocameras of subways, stations and airports in Moscow and St. Petersburg should be connected to the system of intelligent video analytics with the function of face recognition. In addition, in Russia in the coming years will appear “swarm intelligence”, through which it will be possible, for example, to manage groups of drones.

These and about 80 projects are contained in the action plan on the direction “Formation of research competencies and technological reserves”, developed under the state program “Digital Economy” (a copy is from RBC, its authenticity was confirmed by two sources close to the developers of documents – Rostekh, Rosatom and Russian Venture Company). These, as well as similar documents on the other four areas of the program for 2018-2020 until the end of December should be approved by a government commission under the leadership of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

Vasily Brovko, the director for special assignments of Rostek, told the press service that the authors of the program conducted a preliminary study on the availability of promising projects and developments for the development of “end-to-end” technologies (including neurotechnologies, artificial intelligence, quantum technologies, industrial Internet, large data, wireless communication and others) “and identified dozens of projects suitable for financing.”

Now in the plan of measures it is indicated that 13.04 billion rubles will be required for their implementation in the next three years. budgetary financing and another 8.96 billion rubles. from extrabudgetary sources. But as the source of RBC, close to the working group, notes, the preliminary estimate of the project budget in this direction is 50 billion rubles. until 2020.

How much can each project receive, the representative of “Rostecha” did not specify. He made a reservation that the size of the budget will be clarified, and the list of projects “is of reference nature”, while “the best profile projects on the market” got into it. After the selection criteria for projects that apply for budget financing have been approved, an open tender will be held, Brovko said.

He also noted that a number of initiatives appeared in the action plan, which were not previously mentioned in the program. For example, the authors suggested creating a position of the Chief Digital Officer (CDO) in large state-owned companies, as well as developing a digitalization strategy for state-owned companies based on the approved principles and approaches (Digital Transformation Framework). “This should spur demand for products of the digital economy on the part of enterprises and organizations of the public sector,” Brovko said. An important element of the plan, he called the system of electronic trading platforms, which should link large technology companies with start-ups. In addition, the representative of “Rosteha” noted the need to conduct mandatory training of state company executives on special programs dedicated to the development of digital technologies.

The representative of the RVC declined to comment. In the “Rosatom” did not answer the questions of RBC.

Examples of projects that fall under the action plan

“Developing the technology of face recognition and creating on its basis a unified national system of intelligent video analytics.” The executors of the project are Rostech and En Tech Lab (NTechLab). The description notes that in 2018, the elements of face recognition technology for city video analytics should be introduced in Moscow and St. Petersburg: the system should be connected to the metro, major airports and train stations (approximately 150,000 cameras). The representative of NTechLab declined to comment.

“Development of a system for recognizing telephone signals without loss of quality.” The technology will identify the interlocutors, highlight the spoken text, rhythmic-intonational elements of speech and screen out background sounds without loss of information content and with the preservation of the legal significance of the recognition results. The implementation of the system will have to improve several times the work of the centers, as well as reduce the amount of unskilled labor. The project’s executors mention the Competence Center of the National Technological Initiative, the Center for Speech Technology, FSUE Kvant and others. The source of RBC, close to one of the members of the working group, explained that the project “creates an opportunity for a large part of the population, who now uses the Internet in the usual way for us, to receive services remotely via the phone. ” “Not all citizens are ready to use the Internet bank or application, but they can call the call center for information and services. This applies, for example, e-commerce, medical services (appointment to a doctor, etc.), booking tickets. Citizens will be able to communicate with automated maintenance systems and carry out legally significant transactions, “- says the source of RBC. He rejected the assumption that the system is aimed at increasing surveillance and control over citizens. “From the very beginning the program was aimed at achieving commercial goals, there will be no” double technologies “there. Speech recognition technologies for power structures are developing in parallel, there is no need to support them through commercial projects, “he said.

“Development of a multifunctional software complex for automatic control of unmanned aerial systems – STAYA”, “swarm intelligence”. The “Bezzavetny” aircraft plant in 2018 is supposed to create and test a mockup of a software package that will allow managing the collective behavior of a “decentralized self-organizing system”. This should improve the effectiveness of the use of drones, used in various fields – from agriculture to military aviation, the materials say.

“Development of network-centric scalable underwater communication system” Underwater Internet of Things “. In 2018, the Laboratory of Underwater Communications and Navigation should present prototypes of modems, access points and communication devices for wireless navigation and communication under water. As the general director of the laboratory Arthur Abelentsev explained, various networks of sensors are called the underwater Internet of things – sensors that measure any parameters of the environment (speed of flow, salinity, water temperature, etc.), as well as sensors that detect the violation of the perimeter of the guard by saboteurs-saboteurs. Hydroacoustics is used to transmit data over considerable distances without wires under water. The “underwater Internet of things” complex developed by the company is one of the few network acoustic systems in the world, says the head of the laboratory. “If now researchers are forced to literally one point to measure the parameters of interest to them or leave the equipment in different places for a long period of time and only then, after lifting it, analyze the data, then with the technology of the underwater Internet of things, access to the indications of underwater sensors will become almost as simple, as well as for sensors located on the ground, – he noted. “Having access to the indications of underwater sensors almost in real time, you can manage to prevent the consequences of natural disasters or any other dangerous phenomena.”

“Development of bionic robotic prostheses” (created mechanically, but using biological processes), “artificial muscles”. Included in the “RosElectronics” INEUM them. Brook in 2018 should write a technical assignment for the further development of the line of domestic robotic bionic prostheses. It is planned to introduce them in medicine for the rehabilitation of disabled people. In the future they can be used as one of the elements for creating complex robotic and cyberphysical systems.

Authors: Anna Balashova, Maria Kolomychenko.


Article in Russian: RBC Daily

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