Alibaba will invest $ 30 million in the development of IT infrastructure in Russia and the creation of a data center. New capacities are needed to improve the service on the online sites of the company AliExpress and Tmall and compliance with Russian law.
The Chinese Alibaba leased a data center in Moscow for its needs, Anton Panteleev, the representative of AliExpress in Russia, told RBC. According to him, the data processing center will serve the IT operations of Alibaba’s marketplace (electronic trading platforms) – AliExpress and Tmall launched at the end of September.
In the IT infrastructure and data center, the company plans to invest about $ 30 million (1.78 billion rubles at the current exchange rate of the Central Bank), at the first stage 200 server racks (standard cabinets for equipment placement) will be installed.
The operator of the new center was Orange Business Services. “We provided six channels with a bandwidth of 10 gigabits per second. We are also engaged in technical maintenance of the data center – Orange has attracted a team of specialists with knowledge of the Chinese language to provide round-the-clock uninterrupted operation of all systems and equipment and operational interaction with the monitoring center in China, “the representative of Orange Business Services told RBC.
Who Alibaba rented the data center, the representative of the company did not specify. According to the source of RBC in the data center market, this is DataLine. The company declined to comment.
Russia in priority
According to Panteleyev, due to the launch of its own data center, the average download speed of AliExpress and Tmall pages for Russian users should increase by 20%. In addition, its own data center will allow the holding to develop services specifically for Russian users, for example, the search engine in Russian. For the same purposes in the past six months, AliExpress has hired more than a dozen developers in Russia, the company representative said.
“Data centers are located in key countries, and Russia is in the top 3 priority markets for us in the world, sales here are growing, Tmall was recently launched. The task of the new data center is to handle the increased flow of orders, “Panteleev explained. In addition to AliExpress and Tmall, it will also serve Ciaonao, the logistics business unit of Alibaba.
Alibaba leases server capacity in Russia from 2015, but in a much smaller volume, so the data is placed immediately in several data centers (data centers), Panteleev said. Own data center should consolidate them in one place. The launch of the data center is timed to coincide with World Shopping Day, which will be held on November 11, to provide additional server capacity in case of an influx of customers.
Valuable data of Russians
The new data center will process all IT operations of the company in Russia, including the storage of personal data of Russian users of Alibaba services within the framework of the implementation of the law, the representative of the company explained.
In September 2015, amendments to the Law on Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection came into effect, as well as to the Law on Personal Data, according to which personal data of Russians should be kept inside the country. First of all, he touched upon foreign companies, who were forced to start transferring part of the servers with information about Russian users. Among the large foreign companies on the installation of servers in Russia previously announced online auction eBay, the manufacturer of mobile devices and computers Apple, Viber messenger, Internet service for booking hotels Booking.com, the application for travel orders Uber, Internet-holding Google and software manufacturer Microsoft. A number of companies, such as Twitter and Facebook, have not yet done so, but, according to the representative of Roskomnadzor (it monitors the implementation of the law on personal data), these companies are in dialogue with the agency.
In mid-November 2016, due to the failure to comply with the law on the storage of personal data in Russia, the social network LinkedIn was blocked by a court decision. And, as the representative of Roskomnadzor explained, the claim to this resource was filed because of repeated reports on the leaks of personal data of users.
According to the head of the Association of Internet Trade Companies Alexei Fedorov, the opening of the Alibaba data center means that the company began to comply with the requirements of Russian legislation, namely, to store data of Russians in Russia. “Before that, I’m sure Alibaba did not comply with this requirement, this is my official position. They kept the data of Russians abroad, in the same China. And now they decided to comply with Russian law, “he said.
Fedorov noted that $ 30 million is quite a bit, considering how much the company invests in the development of its business in other countries. “This amount is enough to rent an inexpensive and very small data center. This is a very penny amount compared to how much Alibaba invests, for example, in India – only on the development of a logistics network, she spent there $ 6 billion, “- said the expert.
The requirement to store personal data of Russians in Russia is called one of the factors in the growth of the data center market in the country.
According to the research company iKS-Consulting, by the end of 2016 the market volume of commercial data processing centers amounted to 16.8 billion rubles., Which is 21% higher than in 2015. In dollar terms, it also increased and amounted to $ 250 million (plus 11% of the previous year). According to the forecast of iKS-Consulting, by the end of 2017 the volume of the data center market will increase by 19%, to 20 billion rubles. By this time, according to analysts’ expectations, the total number of racks in Russian data centers will increase by 24.5%, to 38 thousand.
The head of the network of data centers of KROK company Pavel Kolmychek believes that Alibaba will have no tangible impact on the market of commercial data centers. “All 200 racks will be involved and put into operation not immediately. Most likely, the output to full capacity will not occur until next year, “he said.
Authors: Irina Li, Maria Kolomychenko, Irina Parfentieva.
Article in Russian: RBC Daily